Riesgo de desórdenes músculo esquelético en empresa metal-mecánica. Caso: costa caribe colombiana

  • Armando Engels Durán-Urón Universidad del Atlántico
  • Juan Camilo Davila-Moreno Universidad del Atlántico
  • Daniel David Jimenez-Castro Universidad del Atlántico
Palabras clave: desórdenes músculo esqueléticos, riesgo, método REBA, cuestionario nórdico, puesto de trabajo

Resumen

El presente estudio nace como iniciativa de la gerencia de una empresa del sector metalmecánico de la costa caribe colombiana, con la intención de conocer y mejorar las realidades laborales de la población trabajadora. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar el riesgo de desórdenes músculo esquelético DME, analizando las posturas individuales y los síntomas referidos de 17 puestos de trabajo que desarrollan 61 trabajadores. El estudio tiene un enfoque cuantitativo, empírico y de tipo descriptivo y se desarrolló en cuatro fases: la primera consistió en el reconocimiento de las condiciones de trabajo y tareas que se realizan, la segunda en la aplicación del cuestionario nórdico para trastornos músculo esquelético, la tercera en la aplicación del método REBA a cada puesto de trabajo, y la cuarta, en el análisis de la información. Como resultado se encontró que existe nivel de riesgo alto de DME de inmediata intervención para el auxiliar de soldadura y techero. Por último, el estudio concluye en la necesidad de implementar un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica para la prevención de desórdenes músculo esquelético.

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Publicado
2020-06-05
Cómo citar
[1]
A. E. Durán-Urón, J. C. Davila-Moreno, y D. D. Jimenez-Castro, «Riesgo de desórdenes músculo esquelético en empresa metal-mecánica. Caso: costa caribe colombiana», Aibi revista investig. adm. ing., vol. 8, n.º 2, pp. 23-28, jun. 2020.
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Artículos de Investigación