Estudio de desempeño y emisiones en motores diesel operando con biodiesel a partir de aceite de soja y emulsiones de agua.

Palabras clave: Biodiesel, emisión, características de desempeño, soja, emulsión acuosa

Resumen

Este estudio evalúa la influencia en el proceso de combustión, consumo de combustible y emisiones contaminantes en un motor diesel, que opera con biodiesel a partir de aceite de soja y emulsiones de agua con porcentajes de 4% y 8%. Para este estudio, se utiliza un motor diesel estacionario que opera en cuatro condiciones de par diferentes y una velocidad de rotación fija de 3400 rpm. Los combustibles de prueba son diésel, biodiésel de aceite de soja y emulsiones de agua SB4W y SB8W. Los resultados indican que SB4W y SB8W provocan una reducción del 6% en el poder calorífico y un aumento del 18% y del 1% en la viscosidad y densidad. Sin embargo, la presencia de agua en el biodiésel puede ayudar a reducir el BSFC del motor en un 8%. El SB4W y SB8W permiten una reducción del 23% en las emisiones de NOx. Con el uso de combustible SB4W se obtiene una reducción del 16%, 29% y 14% en CO, HC y opacidad del humo en comparación con el biodiésel de aceite de soja. Se recomienda la inclusión máxima de 8% de agua en el biodiesel de aceite de soja ya que un porcentaje mayor puede provocar la presencia de combustiones incompletas.

Citas

G. Valencia-Ochoa, J. Duarte-Forero, and C. Acevedo-Peñaloza, “Caracterización de la tasa de liberación de calor en los cilindros de un motor de generación a gas natural de 2 MW,” Aibi Rev. investig. adm. ing, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 5–11, Jan. 2020.

J. C. Acevedo-Páez, N. A. Urbina-Suárez, A. Z. Acevedo-Rodríguez, and L. C. Becerra-Orozco, “Study of the production of biodiesel by enzymatic and chemical processes from used cooking oil,” Aibi Rev. investig. adm. ing, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 20–25, Jun. 2019.

F. Posso, J. C. Acevedo Paez, and J. Hernández, “El impacto económico de las energías renovables,” Aibi Rev. investig. adm. ing, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 22–26, Jul. 2014.

W. Pardavé Livia and J. Jerez Pérez, “Valoración económica de la calidad de aire y su impacto en registros epoc de Bucaramanga,” Aibi Rev. investig. adm. ing, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 13–18, Jul. 2014.

Y. Devarajan, D. B. Munuswamy, and A. Mahalingam, “Influence of nano-additive on performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine running on neat neem oil biodiesel,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 25, no. 26, pp. 26167–26172, Sep. 2018.

S. Vellaiyan, “Enhancement in combustion, performance, and emission characteristics of a biodiesel-fueled diesel engine by using water emulsion and nanoadditive,” Renew. Energy, vol. 145, pp. 2108–2120, Jan. 2020.

A. S. Silitonga et al., “Evaluation of the engine performance and exhaust emissions of biodiesel-bioethanol-diesel blends using kernel-based extreme learning machine,” Energy, vol. 159, pp. 1075–1087, Sep. 2018.

X. Yuan et al., “Applications of bio-oil-based emulsions in a DI diesel engine: The effects of bio-oil compositions on engine performance and emissions,” Energy, vol. 154, pp. 110–118, Jul. 2018.

O. Özener, L. Yüksek, A. T. Ergenç, and M. Özkan, “Effects of soybean biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics,” Fuel, vol. 115, pp. 875–883, Jan. 2014.

A. S. Silitonga, M. H. Hassan, H. C. Ong, and F. Kusumo, “Analysis of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a turbocharged diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha curcas biodiesel-diesel blends using kernel-based extreme learning machine,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 24, no. 32, pp. 25383–25405, Nov. 2017.

M. Canakci, “Combustion characteristics of a turbocharged DI compression ignition engine fueled with petroleum diesel fuels and biodiesel,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 1167–1175, Apr. 2007.

S. S. Reham, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, I. Shancita, I. M. Rizwanul Fattah, and A. M. Ruhul, “Study on stability, fuel properties, engine combustion, performance and emission characteristics of biofuel emulsion,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 1566–1579, Dec. 2015.

A. V. Bueno, M. P. B. Pereira, J. V. de Oliveira Pontes, F. M. T. de Luna, and C. L. Cavalcante, “Performance and emissions characteristics of castor oil biodiesel fuel blends,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 125, pp. 559–566, Oct. 2017.

M. L. Randazzo and J. R. Sodré, “Cold start and fuel consumption of a vehicle fuelled with blends of diesel oil–soybean biodiesel–ethanol,” Fuel, vol. 90, no. 11, pp. 3291–3294, Nov. 2011.

B.-F. Lin, J.-H. Huang, and D.-Y. Huang, “Experimental study of the effects of vegetable oil methyl ester on DI diesel engine performance characteristics and pollutant emissions,” Fuel, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 1779–1785, Sep. 2009.

S. Vellaiyan and K. S. Amirthagadeswaran, “Taguchi-Grey relational-based multi-response optimization of the water-in-diesel emulsification process,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 1399–1404, Mar. 2016.

Y. Devarajan, D. B. Munuswamy, A. Mahalingam, and B. Nagappan, “Performance, Combustion, and Emission Analysis of Neat Palm Oil Biodiesel and Higher Alcohol Blends in a Diesel Engine,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 13796–13801, Dec. 2017.

Y. Devarajan, D. B. Munuswamy, B. Nagappan, and A. K. Pandian, “Performance, combustion and emission analysis of mustard oil biodiesel and octanol blends in diesel engine,” Heat Mass Transf., vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 1803–1811, Jun. 2018.

O. Aboelazayem, N. S. El-Gendy, A. A. Abdel-Rehim, F. Ashour, and M. A. Sadek, “Biodiesel production from castor oil in Egypt: Process optimisation, kinetic study, diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions analysis,” Energy, vol. 157, pp. 843–852, Aug. 2018.

S. Vellaiyan and K. Amirthagadeswaran, “Multi-response optimization of diesel engine operating parameters running with water-in-diesel emulsion fuel,” Therm. Sci., vol. 21, no. 1 Part B, pp. 427–439, 2017.

S. Vellaiyan, “Enhancement in combustion, performance, and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel, biodiesel, and its blends by using nanoadditive,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 9561–9573, Apr. 2019.

H. Watanabe, Y. Suzuki, T. Harada, Y. Matsushita, H. Aoki, and T. Miura, “An experimental investigation of the breakup characteristics of secondary atomization of emulsified fuel droplet,” Energy, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 806–813, Feb. 2010.

A. M. Ithnin, M. A. Ahmad, M. A. A. Bakar, S. Rajoo, and W. J. Yahya, “Combustion performance and emission analysis of diesel engine fuelled with water-in-diesel emulsion fuel made from low-grade diesel fuel,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 90, pp. 375–382, Jan. 2015.

S. Vellaiyan and C. M. A. Partheeban, “Combined effect of water emulsion and ZnO nanoparticle on emissions pattern of soybean biodiesel fuelled diesel engine,” Renew. Energy, vol. 149, pp. 1157–1166, Apr. 2020.

S. Vellaiyan and K. S. Amirthagadeswaran, “Influence of Water-in-Diesel Emulsion Fuel and Compression Ratio on Combustion, Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine,” J. Sustain. Energy Eng., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 238–253, Feb. 2016.

A. M. Ithnin, H. Noge, H. Abdul Kadir, and W. Jazair, “An overview of utilizing water-in-diesel emulsion fuel in diesel engine and its potential research study,” J. Energy Inst., vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 273–288, Nov. 2014.

A. K. Wamankar, A. K. Satapathy, and S. Murugan, “Experimental investigation of the effect of compression ratio, injection timing & pressure in a DI (direct injection) diesel engine running on carbon black-water-diesel emulsion,” Energy, vol. 93, pp. 511–520, Dec. 2015.

A. K. Hasannuddin et al., “Durability studies of single cylinder diesel engine running on emulsion fuel,” Energy, vol. 94, pp. 557–568, Jan. 2016.

S. Vellaiyan, K. S. Amirthagadeswaran, and S. Vijayakumar, “Combustion of stable water-in-diesel emulsion fuel and performance assessment,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 505–513, Mar. 2017.

M. E. A. Fahd, Y. Wenming, P. S. Lee, S. K. Chou, and C. R. Yap, “Experimental investigation of the performance and emission characteristics of direct injection diesel engine by water emulsion diesel under varying engine load condition,” Appl. Energy, vol. 102, pp. 1042–1049, Feb. 2013.

A. Alahmer, J. Yamin, A. Sakhrieh, and M. A. Hamdan, “Engine performance using emulsified diesel fuel,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 1708–1713, Aug. 2010.

J. W. Park, K. Y. Huh, and J. H. Lee, “Reduction of NO x , smoke and brake specific fuel consumption with optimal injection timing and emulsion ratio of water-emulsified diesel,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 215, no. 1, pp. 83–93, Jan. 2001.

J. Ghojel, D. Honnery, and K. Al-Khaleefi, “Performance, emissions and heat release characteristics of direct injection diesel engine operating on diesel oil emulsion,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 26, no. 17–18, pp. 2132–2141, Dec. 2006.

K. Kannan and M. Udayakumar, “NOx and HC emission control using water emulsified diesel in single cylinder diesel engine,” J. Eng. Appl. Sci., 2009.

A. C. Matheaus, T. W. Ryan, D. Daly, D. A. Langer, and M. P. B. Musculus, “Effects of PuriNOxTM Water-Diesel Fuel Emulsions on Emissions and Fuel Economy in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” Oct. 2002.

H. Raheman and S. Kumari, “Combustion characteristics and emissions of a compression ignition engine using emulsified jatropha biodiesel blend,” Biosyst. Eng., vol. 123, pp. 29–39, Jul. 2014.

K. Kandasamy and G. Rakkiyanna, “Thevetia Peruviana biodiesel emulsion used as a fuel in a single cylinder diesel engine reduces NOx and smoke,” Therm. Sci., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1185–1191, 2011.

G. R. Kannan and R. Anand, “Experimental investigation on diesel engine with diestrol–water micro emulsions,” Energy, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1680–1687, Mar. 2011.

V. Perumal and M. Ilangkumaran, “Water emulsified hybrid pongamia biodiesel as a modified fuel for the experimental analysis of performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection diesel engine,” Renew. Energy, vol. 121, pp. 623–631, Jun. 2018.

I. Jeong, K.-H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Characteristics of auto-ignition and micro-explosion behavior of a single droplet of water-in-fuel,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 148–156, Jan. 2008.

J. Sadhik Basha and R. B. Anand, “Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using Carbon Nanotubes blended Jatropha Methyl Ester Emulsions,” Alexandria Eng. J., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 259–273, Jun. 2014.

J. Jeevahan, G. Mageshwaran, G. B. Joseph, R. B. D. Raj, and R. T. Kannan, “Various strategies for reducing No x emissions of biodiesel fuel used in conventional diesel engines: A review,” Chem. Eng. Commun., vol. 204, no. 10, pp. 1202–1223, Oct. 2017.

D. H. Qi, H. Chen, R. D. Matthews, and Y. Z. Bian, “Combustion and emission characteristics of ethanol–biodiesel–water micro-emulsions used in a direct injection compression ignition engine,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 958–964, May 2010.

B. K. Debnath, N. Sahoo, and U. K. Saha, “Adjusting the operating characteristics to improve the performance of an emulsified palm oil methyl ester run diesel engine,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 69, pp. 191–198, May 2013.

M. Tsue, D. Segawa, T. Kadota, and H. Yamasaki, “Observation of sooting behavior in an emulsion droplet flame by planar laser light scattering in microgravity,” Symp. Combust., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1251–1258, Jan. 1996.

J. G. T. Reyes and E. N. Quiros, “Determination of the Start and End of Combustion in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine Using the Apparent Heat Release Rate,” Jun. 2017.

J. Pain, “Gas Dynamics,” Nature, vol. 213, no. 5082, p. 1182, 1967.

H. G. How, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, Y. H. Teoh, and H. G. Chuah, “Effect of Calophyllum Inophyllum biodiesel-diesel blends on combustion, performance, exhaust particulate matter and gaseous emissions in a multi-cylinder diesel engine,” Fuel, vol. 227, pp. 154–164, Sep. 2018.
Publicado
2021-01-01
Cómo citar
Orjuela-Abril, S., Rojas-Suárez, J. P., & Duarte-Forero, J. E. (2021). Estudio de desempeño y emisiones en motores diesel operando con biodiesel a partir de aceite de soja y emulsiones de agua. Aibi Revista De investigación, administración E ingeniería, 9(1), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.15649/2346030X.935
Sección
Artículos de Investigación