Investigation the effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of CdSe thin films
ResumenIntroduction: CdSe is an important II–VI semiconducting material due to its typical optical properties such as small direct band gap (1.7 eV) and a high refractive index and, thus, a major concern is focused on the investigation of optical properties of CdSe thin films which is important to promote the performances of the devices of solid -state such as SC (solar cells), thin film transistors, LED (light-emitting diodes), EBPL (electron–beam pumped lasers) and electroluminescent devices. In the present work, CdSe thin films were deposited by thermal evaporation method and the results have been analysed and presented. Materials and Methods: CdSe thin films has been deposited on glass microscopic slides as substrates of (75×25×1 mm) under room temperature using PVD technique. CdSe blended powders gets evaporated and condensed on the substrate. The film thickness (t = 100 ± 5 nm) which is measured using Michelson interferometry method. Transmission spectrum, from 200-1100 nm, are scanned using two beams UV–VIS Spectrophotometer (6850 UV/Vis. Spectrophotometer-JENWAY). The deposited films then were annealed at temperature range of (1500C to 3500C) under vacuum to have a stable phase of the material and prevent surface oxidization. Results and Discussion: A transmittance spectrum of CdSe thin film is scanned over wavelength range 200 to 1100 nm using a (6850 UV/Vis. Spectrophotometer-JENWAY) at room temperature. The transmittance percentage between the as-deposited film and the annealed films change varies from (17.0%) to (47.0%). It is clearly seen that there is a shift toward higher energy (Blue Shift) in the transmittance spectrum. As annealing temperature increased the transmittance edge is shifted to the longer wavelength (i.e., after annealing the CdSe films shows red shifts in their optical spectra). The band gap was found within the range 1.966-1.7536 eV for CdSe thin film. As annealing temperature increases, the Eg continuously decreases. Conclusions: CdSe thin films have been deposited using Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Technique. It is found that the transmission for as- deposited films is (17%) and increases to (47%) as annealing temperature increases. Beside this the energy gap for as- deposited CdSe film is (1.966eV) and decreased from (1.909 eV) to (1.7536eV) as the annealing temperature increases. There is a strong red shift in the optical spectrum of the annealed CdSe films. There is a gradual shift of the annealed films thin film spectra as compared of bulk CdSe films.
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