Semantic analysis of color, light and transparency in Islamic architecture of Iran
AbstractThe subject of color, including single colors or compounds like Haft Rang (seven colors), which conveys the psychological effects and mystical interpretation of color, has a palpable presence in the realm of arts, especially in architecture. On the other hand, light as the most immaterial element of nature has always been present in Iranian architecture. In fact, it symbolizes transcendental world and spiritual realm. In traditional Iranian architecture, the conceptualization of light flourished under the influence of Islamic thought, and came to be known as the manifestation of sanctity and the spiritual world. This paper is an applied research, with an analytical approach that seeks to conduct a semantic analysis of color, light and transparency in the Islamic architecture of Iran. The data was collected using the library research. Also, some illustrations of colors and light in Islamic architecture of Iran were photographed and recorded in a field study. The analysis shows that Iranian architects have employed these factors in order to plead to the observer’s sense of beauty by forging a close association between light and color in architecture. Diversity of colors, which is rooted in divine wisdom, gives an appreciation of the beauty and dimensions to human beings. Moreover, the results suggest that the Iranian architects have not been concerned with phenomenal clarity to create complexity, attractiveness, and spatial diversity, which are primarily architectural aspects, but rather have focused on cultural objectives and excellence of human beings.
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