Los factores que influyen en el envejecimiento autopercibido entre los que se encuentran en un nido vacío: un estudio transversal




Palabras clave:

Autoconcepto, Envejecimiento, Soledad, Actividades de la Vida Diaria, Análisis Factorial


Introducción: Los problemas de salud mental que presentan las personas cuyos hijos ya no viven con ellas merecen mayor atención. El estudio de la autopercepción del envejecimiento y sus factores influyentes en esta población puede ayudar a la prevención de percepciones negativas del envejecimiento.     Objetivo: Analizar las situaciones y factores influyentes en la autopercepción del envejecimiento de los adultos mayores cuyos hijos ya no viven con ellos, específicamente, el rol mediador de las actividades de la vida diaria y la soledad. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 2 comunidades de la ciudad de Binzhou, provincia de Shandong, China. Se estudiaron 613 adultos mayores cuyos hijos ya no vivían con ellos, aplicando un cuestionario de información general, el Cuestionario Breve de Percepción del Envejecimiento (B-APQ), la Escala de Actividades de la Vida Diaria (ADL) y la Escala de Soledad de la Universidad de California (ULS-6). Se utilizaron modelos de ecuaciones estructurales para analizar las relaciones entre las variables.         Resultados: El análisis de los factores influyentes en el envejecimiento autopercibido muestra que el estado civil, las visitas de los hijos y la soledad afectan de manera indirecta la autopercepción del envejecimiento. Asimismo, las enfermedades crónicas y la capacidad para realizar las actividades de la vida diaria afectan de manera indirecta la autopercepción del envejecimiento. Discusión: La capacidad para realizar actividades de la vida diaria, las enfermedades crónicas, salir, la soledad, el estado de salud autoreportado, el estado civil y las visitas de los hijos son algunos factores que influyen en la autopercepción del envejecimiento en esta población. Conclusión: La autopercepción del envejecimiento de las personas cuyos hijos ya no viven con ellas es relativamente negativa y hay muchos factores influyentes. Es importante mejorar el manejo que se le da a la salud de esta población, aumentando las actividades al aire libre y el cuidado de sus familiares e implementando intervenciones integrales para ayudarlos en el tratamiento del envejecimiento.

Como citar este artículo: Li Shuxing, Dong Yameng, Li Xuebo. The influencing factors of self-perceived aging among empty nesters: a cross-sectional study. Revista Cuidarte. 2024;15(2):e3500.  https://doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.3500

Biografía del autor/a

Shuxing Li, University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

College of Nursing and Rehabilitation, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

Yameng Dong, Binzhou City People's Hospital.

Binzhou City People's Hospital.

Xuebo Li, University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

College of Nursing and Rehabilitation, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.


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Cómo citar

Li S, Dong Y, Li X. Los factores que influyen en el envejecimiento autopercibido entre los que se encuentran en un nido vacío: un estudio transversal. Revista Cuidarte [Internet]. 5 de junio de 2024 [citado 15 de julio de 2024];15(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/3500



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