Preparación de la piel para la prevención de la Infección del Sitio Operatorio: Revisión de Alcance

Palabras clave: Infección de Herida Quirúrgica, Antiinfecciosos Locales, Remoción del cabello, Período Preoperatorio, Prevención y Control

Resumen

Introducción: La Infección del sitio operatorio genera un impacto económico y social debido a los altos costos durante la recuperación, la estancia hospitalaria y la afectación de la calidad de vida, por esto, es necesario identificar las intervenciones y recomendaciones para la preparación de la piel, encaminadas a la prevención de la infección del sitio operatorio, basado en la evidencia científica. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de alcance en el marco del Instituto Joanna Briggs y los parámetros Prisma-P. En las bases de datos Medline, OVID, Pubmed, Scielo, BVS y Cochrane, publicadas entre los años 2010–2019, en los idiomas inglés, portuges y español. Resultados: Se analizaron 28 artículos. De estos, se identificaron 6 de la categoría general incluidas las guías de prevención de infección del sitio operatorio, 6 para el baño preoperatorio, 6 para la realización del rasurado y 10 de asepsia y antisepsia. Discusión: Con respecto al baño preoperatorio, es una práctica recomendada internacionalmente, la evidencia demuestra que esta actividad no representa ningún beneficio; en la categoría de rasurado, la recomendación es no remover el vello a menos que sea absolutamente necesario. Frente a la asepsia del sitio quirúrgico, el aporte es más que todo informativo acerca de los antisépticos y se recomienda el uso de la clorhexidina. Conclusiones: De acuerdo a la revisión sistemática de alcance de la literatura, no se evidencia una estandarización en las recomendaciones e intervenciones, para la preparación de la piel en la prevención de Infección del Sitio Operatorio.

Como citar este artículo: Medina Garzón M, Castaño Plata María C, Moreno Herrera Cristhian C. Preparación de la piel para la prevención de la Infección del Sitio Operatorio: Revisión de Alcance. Revista Cuidarte. 2021;12(2):e1054. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.1054     

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Biografía del autor/a

Mauricio Medina Garzón, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Profesor, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá –Facultad de Enfermería- Bogotá- Colombia

María Camila Castaño Plata, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Enfermera, Universidad Nacional de Colombia- Sede Bogotá- Facultad de Enfermería -Bogotá- Colombia

Cristhian Camilo Moreno Herrera, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Enfermero, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá – Facultad de Enfermería-Bogotá- Colombia.

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Publicado
2021-04-27
Cómo citar
1.
Medina Garzón M, Castaño Plata MC, Moreno Herrera CC. Preparación de la piel para la prevención de la Infección del Sitio Operatorio: Revisión de Alcance. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 27 de abril de 2021 [citado 18 de mayo de 2021];12(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/1054
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