Intervenciones de Enfermería en la reversión del estoma intestinal: revisión integrativa

Palabras clave: Cierre de estoma, Reversión de Estoma, Ileostomía, Colostomía, Enfermería

Resumen

Introducción: los estomas intestinales representan un impacto significativo en la calidad de vida de las personas; sin embargo, estos deben revertirse después de haberse restituido el tránsito intestinal o la resolución del proceso inflamatorio inicial. Por otro lado, la negación de la persona para su reversión puede deberse a la falta de información y orientación por parte de los profesionales de la salud. Por lo anterior es importante identificar las intervenciones de Enfermería en la atención de la persona con reversión del estoma intestinal. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión integrativa de la literatura de alcance descriptivo en el período comprendido entre los años 2015 a 2020, a través de las bases de datos Wos, Pubmed, Scopus, Scielo y Cochrane. Se seleccionaron 36 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión con el respectivo análisis metodológico. Resultados: Se identificaron las siguientes intervenciones de Enfermería, para el preoperatorio: valoración preoperatoria, preparación intestinal y seguimiento a comorbilidades. El intraoperatorio: profilaxis, preparación de la piel, técnica quirúrgica y cierre de la pared abdominal. En el posoperatorio: cuidado de la herida quirúrgica, calidad de vida y educación. Discusión: es importante la reflexión sobre el tiempo de reversión, la técnica quirúrgica y la importancia de las intervenciones por Enfermería. Conclusión: Enfermería cumple un papel importante en la reversión del estoma, no solo por los cuidados físicos y la educación que se brinda, sino también en las intervenciones aplicables al contexto social y emocional que afectan el estilo de vida de la persona.

Como citar este artículo: Gómez Barriga Norma Yaneth, Medina Garzón Mauricio. Intervenciones de Enfermería en la reversión del estoma intestinal: revisión integrativa. Revista Cuidarte. 2022;13(1):e2165. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.2165     

Biografía del autor/a

Norma Gómez Barriga , Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Enfermera- Magíster en Enfermería - Universidad Nacional de Colombia- Sede Bogotá- Facultad de Enfermería- Bogotá-Colombia.

Mauricio Medina Garzón, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Profesor- Enfermero- Magíster en Enfermería- Universidad Nacional de Colombia- Sede Bogotá-Facultad de Enfermería- Bogotá-Colombia.

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Publicado
2021-12-13
Cómo citar
1.
Gómez Barriga N, Medina Garzón M. Intervenciones de Enfermería en la reversión del estoma intestinal: revisión integrativa. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 13 de diciembre de 2021 [citado 10 de agosto de 2022];13(1). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/2165
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