Factors associated with metabolic syndrome and quality of life of adults in a northeast brazilian municipality

Palabras clave: Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of life, Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity, Dyslipidemia

Resumen

Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is currently considered a multi-factorial disease related to the asymptomatic, insidious, and deleterious inflammation that predisposes the individual to vulnerability by aggregating cardiovascular risk markers. Objective: to analyze the factors associated with Metabolic Syndrome and Quality of Life (QOL) in adult users of a health unit.  Material and Methods: a cross-sectional study carried out with 108 adult users. Data collection was performed using a sociodemographic, clinical, and metabolic structured questionnaire and The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. For the diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome, the following criteria were used: increased abdominal circumference and arterial hypertension, diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, and low HDL-cholesterol. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 21.0 software. Results: Metabolic Syndrome was identified in 88.0% of the adults. Of this total of users evaluated with the syndrome, 87.4% of the individuals were female; 71.7% had diabetes; 87.0% had arterial hypertension; sedentary lifestyle was identified in 53.7%. In the assessment of the BMI, overweight and obesity predominated in 68.4% and 24.9%, respectively. The domains with the lowest quality of life scores were General Health and Vitality. Conclusions: The study made it possible to identify the Metabolic Syndrome in most of the adults evaluated. There was a low perception of quality of life among adults in all domains, except for physical aspects and vitality. Thus, there is a need for surveillance and health education for the studied population and improvement of their quality of life.

How to cite this article: Santos, Isleide Santana Cardoso; Boery, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira; Fernandes, Josicélia Dumêt; Rosa, Randson Souza; Ribeiro, Ícaro José dos Santos; Souza, Andréa dos Santos.  Factors associated with metabolic syndrome and quality of life of adults in a northeast brazilian municipality.   Revista Cuidarte. 2021;12(2):e.1678 http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte1678

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Biografía del autor/a

Isleide Santana Cardoso Santos, University of Southwest Bahia

Ph.D Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil

Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, University of Southwest Bahia

Ph.D. Professor, Health Department, Professor of the postgraduate program in nursing health,  State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil.

Josicélia Dumêt Fernandes , University of Southwest Bahia

Ph.D. Professor of the Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil. Federal University of Bahia/UFBA. Salvador (BA), Brazil

Randson Souza Rosa, University of Southwest Bahia

MSc Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil

Ícaro José dos Santos Ribeiro, University of Southwest Bahia

Ph.D Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health , State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil.

Andréa dos Santos Souza, University of Santa Cruz

Ph.D Nursing Federal University of Bahia/UFBA. Salvador (BA), Brazil. Professor at the Department of Health Sciences at the State University of Santa Cruz –UESC.

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Publicado
2021-07-12
Cómo citar
1.
Santos ISC, Boery RNS de O, Fernandes JD, Rosa RS, Ribeiro Ícaro J dos S, Souza A dos S. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome and quality of life of adults in a northeast brazilian municipality. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 12 de julio de 2021 [citado 29 de julio de 2021];12(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/1678
Sección
Artículos de Investigación