Cardiovascular Risk and Factors Associated to the Health in Hypertensive African Descent People Resident in Quilombola Community

Palabras clave: Cardiovascular Disorders, Risk Factors, African Continental Ancestry Group, Vulnerability in Health

Resumen

Introduction: Hypertension is a cardiovascular risk factor of wide magnitude among people of African descent, especially those living in Quilombos.  However, little is known about the factors associated with cardiovascular risk in residents of the urban Quilombola community. Objetive: To analyze the cardiovascular risk and health-related factors in the family context of hypertensive Afro-descendants living in an urban Quilombola.  Materials and methods: It is a cross-sectional and community-based study carried out from November 2017 to March 2018. The study’s population consisted of 303 hypertensive patients enrolled in the family health unit, with ages ranging from 35 to 79 years old, of both genders; and using antihypertensive drugs. The instruments used for data production were: The Primary Arterial Hypertension Questionnaire and the Framingham Risk Score. Results: There was a significant association between cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular disease (CVD) family history (p<0.011), type II diabetes (p<0.001) and overweight and obesity (p<0.010). Conclusion. Research has shown that hypertensive Quilombola people have consistent cardiovascular risk outcomes, especially with CVD family history, type II diabetes, overweight and obesity, schooling and gender with significant associations.

How to cite this article: Rosa, Randson Souza; Ribeiro, Ícaro José do Santos; Silva, Jaine Kareny da; Souza, Luiz Humberto Rodrigues; Cruz, Diego Pires; Damasceno, Rudson Oliveira; Souza Júnior, Edison Vitório de; Boery, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira. Cardiovascular Risk and Factors Associated to the Health of Hypertensive African Descent People Resident in Quilombola Community. Revista Cuidarte. 2021;12(2):e1165. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.1165    

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Biografía del autor/a

Randson Souza Rosa, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

MSc Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil.

Ícaro José do Santos Ribeiro, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

PhD Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil

Jaine Kareny da Silva, Universidade da Bahia

PhD. Professor, Department of Education, State University of Bahia (UNEB), Guanambi, BA, Brazil.

Luiz Humberto Rodrigues Souza, Universidade da Bahia

PhD. Professor, Department of Education, State University of Bahia (UNEB), Guanambi, BA, Brazil.

Diego Pires Cruz, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

PhD Student Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil.

Rudson Oliveira Damasceno, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

MSc Nursing and Health, Health Department, Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil.

Edison Vitório de Souza Junior , Universidade da São Paulo

PhD Student Sciences, Graduate Program in Fundamental Nursing, School of Nursing, University of São Paulo (EERP / USP), Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

PhD. Professor, Health Department, Professor of the postgraduate program in nursing health, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequie, BA, Brazil

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Publicado
2021-05-24
Cómo citar
1.
Rosa RS, Ribeiro Ícaro J do S, Silva JK da, Souza LHR, Cruz DP, Damasceno RO, Junior EV de S, Boery RNS de O. Cardiovascular Risk and Factors Associated to the Health in Hypertensive African Descent People Resident in Quilombola Community. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 24 de mayo de 2021 [citado 14 de junio de 2021];12(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/1165
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Artículos de Investigación