Rol del cuidador familiar novel de adultos en situación de dependencia: Scoping Review

Palabras clave: Cuidador Familiar, Personas con Discapacidad, Adulto, Cuidadores, Experiencias de Vida

Resumen

Introducción: El incremento del número de personas adultas, en situación de dependencia, discapacidad y con necesidades de cuidado, ha generado el surgimiento de los cuidadores familiares, quienes asumen esta responsabilidad, sin la formación o conocimientos previos, situación que puede comprometer el desempeño de este nuevo rol y sus resultados en el receptor de cuidado. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un Scoping Review con la metodología de Arksey y O’Malley, que incluyó la revisión de los estudios disponibles en bases de datos en línea, en idioma inglés y español, a partir de lo cual se extrajo información relacionada con la asunción del rol de cuidador familiar novel de adultos en situación de dependencia. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 42 artículos y surgieron cinco temas; que incluyen, las tendencias sociodemográficas, la trayectoria y dinámicas a lo largo del tiempo, las transiciones que implica el nuevo rol, la participación en la toma de decisiones y los dominios e impactos en quien ejerce el cuidado. Discusión: Se evidenció que ejercer el rol de cuidador familiar novel de personas en situación de dependencia, implica adquirir una serie de competencias, conocimientos, y habilidades, además; de requerir un adecuado soporte social, aspectos que deben ser explorados, reconocidos y abordados por Enfermería. Conclusiones: Este estudio proporciona información para comprender las experiencias e implicaciones que tiene convertirse en cuidador novel, de forma que los profesionales de la salud adapten las intervenciones destinadas a apoyar a los cuidadores y mejorar su bienestar.

Como citar este artículo: Esquivel Garzón Natalia, Carreño Moreno Sonia, Chaparro Díaz Lorena Rol del cuidador familiar novel de adultos en situación de dependencia: scoping review. Revista Cuidarte. 2021;12 2 :e1368. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.1368

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Biografía del autor/a

Natalia Esquivel Garzón, Universidad Libre

Doctora en Enfermería. Profesora, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Libre. Cali, Colombia

Sonia Carreño Moreno, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería. Profesora asociada, Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

Lorena Chaparro Díaz, Universidad Nacional e Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería. Profesora asociada, Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional e Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

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Publicado
2021-05-24
Cómo citar
1.
Esquivel Garzón N, Carreño Moreno S, Chaparro Díaz L. Rol del cuidador familiar novel de adultos en situación de dependencia: Scoping Review. Rev Cuid [Internet]. 24 de mayo de 2021 [citado 28 de septiembre de 2021];12(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udes.edu.co/cuidarte/article/view/1368
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